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Category: Logical Fallacies

false equivalence logical fallacy
Logical Fallacies

False Equivalence

You incorrectly asserted that two or more things are equivalent, simply because they share some characteristics, despite the fact that there are also notable differences between them.

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affective fallacy
Logical Fallacies

The Affective Fallacy

The concept of affective fallacy is an answer to the idea of impressionistic criticism, which argues that the reader’s response to a poem is the ultimate indication of its value.

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conjunctive fallacy
Logical Fallacies

Conjunction Fallacy

The conjunction fallacy occurs when one estimates a conjunctive statement, this and that, to be more probable than at least one of its component statements.

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Disjunction Fallacy
Logical Fallacies

Disjunction Fallacy

Similar to the conjunction fallacy, the disjunction fallacy occurs when one estimates a disjunctive statement (this or that) to be less probable than at least one of its component statements.

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logical fallacy icons
Logical Fallacies

Argument from Ignorance

The assumption of a conclusion or fact based primarily on lack of evidence to the contrary. Usually best described by, “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.

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playing the hitler card ad nazium
Logical Fallacies

Playing The Hitler Card

In almost every heated debate, one side or the other plays the “Hitler card”, that is, criticises their opponent’s position or the opponents themselves by associating them in some way with Adolf Hitler or the Nazis.

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Post Designation Fallacy
Logical Fallacies

Post-Designation Fallacy

Drawing a conclusion from correlations observed in a given sample, but only after the sample has already been drawn, and without declaring in advance what correlations the experimenter was expecting to find.

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